Should  people today be concerned about observing the "New Moon" festivals? 
Were New Moons -- the1st day of each Biblical month -- observed in ancient times? 
What about in New Testament times? 
Will New Moons be observed in the Kingdom of God Age, the World Tomorrow?

           We read an astounding thing in the book of Colossians, which thousands of God's people have overlooked, ignored, and misunderstood.  In their attempt to refute the gainsaying and heresy of those who try to do away with God's laws and holy days, they have stumbled and overlooked a vital TRUTH!

             Notice this remarkable passage!  Paul writes, “So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival [margin, “FEAST DAY”] or a new moon or Sabbaths, which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance [lit., “body”] is of Christ” (Col.2:16-17).  The King James Version says in these verses:  “Let no MAN, therefore, judge you in food, or in drink, or in respect of a feast day, or of the new moon, or of a Sabbath day, which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is [note:  these italics are not in the original, meaning the word “is” has been supplied by the translators and is not in the original Greek version] of Christ.”

             Let us notice three things in these verses.  First, we are to allow no human being -- be he Gentile, or Jew, rabbi, or minister -- to “judge” us regarding these things, or to sit in judgment over us.   

            Secondly, these days -- festivals of God, new moons, and Sabbath days -- are (present tense, meaning they STILL EXIST and have not been done away or abolished!) “shadows” of things to come.  That is, they all foreshadow and picture elements in God's plan, future events still to come.  Therefore, they have great meaning and significance for us, today! 

             The fact that the weekly Sabbath day is a “shadow” of the millennial reign of Christ, picturing the seventh “day” of God's seven-thousand year plan (see II Peter 3:8-10), is a wonderful truth, one we should appreciate as we “rest” every Sabbath day, as God commands.  This fact does not lessen the importance of the weekly Sabbath, but strengthens and magnifies it!  And so it is with all the other holy days, which picture vital elements in the overall Plan of God.

             Thirdly, notice the last expression of this passage:  “But the body (is) of Christ.”  What does this mean?  If we take this whole passage together, it becomes clear.  Paul says, “Let no man, therefore, judge you . . . . but the body of Christ.”  If we leave out the “is” supplied by the translators, the passage becomes clear.  It is the body of Christ that is to "judge" us -- that is, the eclesia or called out ones.

            But in so doing, during the past fifty years or so, has the End-time “church of God” been negligent?  Have the ministers of God overlooked, and ignored, vital truth and a command which God gives in these verses?

                                                A New Look at the “New Moons”

             Notice!  In respect to is the subject of NEW MOONS!  According to the original calendar God gave His people, each month of the year is a lunar month and begins with a NEW MOON!  In ancient Israel, every new moon the trumpet was blown -- the shofar was sounded -- to call the people to celebrate and observe the new moon, the beginning of the new month.

             In ancient Israel, special sacrifices were offered on every New Moon, signifying the importance of the day to God's people.  In the book of Numbers we read:

                         "And in the beginnings of your months ye shall offer a burnt offering unto wo young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot; and three tenth deals of flour for a meat [meal] offering, mingled with oil, for one bullock; and two tenth deals of flour for a meat [meal] offering   for one ram; and a several tenth deal of flour mingled with oil for a meat [meal] offering unto one lamb; for a burnt offering of a sweet savoir, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.    "And their drink offerings shall be half an hin of wine unto a bullock, and the third part of an hin unto a ram,, and a fourth part of an  hin unto a lamb:  this is the burnt offering OF EVERY MONTH [NEW MOON]  throughout the months of the year.    "And one kid of the goats for a sin offering unto the LORD shall be offered, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering" (Numbers 28:10-15).

                                                                 The Custom in Ancient Israel

                    In ancient Israel, before the Exile to Babylon, the New Moons -- the first day of each month -- were observed as "minor festivals."  Evidence for this is found in the account of David and Saul.  Notice:    "And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, tomorrow is the NEW MOON [marginal          reference, "A time of rejoicing"], and I should not fail to sit before the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even."If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he  might run to Bethlehem, his city:  for there is a yearly sacrifice [margin, "feast"]                         there for all the family" (I Samuel 20:5-6).

             The word for "sacrifice" in this verse is zebah.   Notice what Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words says about this word:

                         "The basic meaning of zebah is 'sacrifice.'  When a 'sacrifice' had been slaughtered  by the priest, he then offered it to God.  . . . The zebah was not like the burnt offer ing (olah), which was completely burnt on the altar; and it was unlike the sin offering (hatta't), where the meat was given to the priest, for most of the meat of the zebah was returned to the person who made the 'sacrifice.'  The fat was poured on the ltar (Lev.3:2).      The person who made the zebah had to share the meat with the officiating priest (Exo. 29:28); Lev.7:31-35; Deut.18:3). "In view of the fact that the people shared in the eating of the zebah, the 'sacrifice'  became A COMMUNAL MEAL in which the Lord hosted His people.  . .

                 In I Samuel 9:12 we read, ". . . he [Samuel the prophet] came today to the city; for there is a sacrifice of the people today in the high place:  as soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat:  for the people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that be bidden" (I Sam.9:12-13).

             Each New Moon therefore, with its extra sacrifices, was regarded as a "mini-festival," not unlike the annual holy days of God.  Feasting and worshipping were part of the festivities.  Says the Soncino Pentateuch & Haftorahs, "In Pre-Exilic times, the New Moon was celebrated as a minor Festival" (p.695).

             During the time of Elisha, the son of a woman died unexpectedly, and she asked for her husband to send for Elisha, the man of God.  He replied, "Wherefore wilt thou go to him today? it is neither new moon nor Sabbath" (II Kings 4:23). 

                                                A Day of Rejoicing

             Being a festive occasion, and a special time for worship, when the New Moon arrived trade, buying and selling, and handicraft work stopped, and the Temple was opened for public worship services. We read in the book of Amos, God says to His people:

                         "Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to  fail, saying, When will the New Moon be gone, that we may sell corn?  and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel  great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?" (Amos 8:4-5).

                              Although there is no Scriptural commandment in the Bible designating the New Moons as a day in which work was forbidden.

                            This reference to the NEW MOON is very significant.  Although we know that the only Holy Day that falls on a New Moon is the Feast of Trumpets, the first day of the seventh month, Tishri, which is also called Yom Teruah, the "day of blowing" of trumpets, nevertheless, the trumpets were also commanded to be blown on EVERY New Moon throughout the year, marking each New Moon as a festive and joyous occasion!

                           The New Moons were celebrated with special rites on the first day of each lunar month, in ancient times, as part of the worship due to God by His people.  They were highly regarded and observed by family get-togethers, communal meals.  The people would enjoy them, with a fellowship meal, with eating and drinking and fellowshipping before God.   There would be singing of hymns, and spiritual songs, and songs of praise and worship. 

             But what about in the future?  The fact is, Biblical prophecy also indicates that New Moons will be observed during the Messianic era -- during the  reign of the Our Savior.

                     New Moons To Be Observed in the Kingdom of God    In the prophecies regarding the Temple services which will be  re-instituted when Christ returns, we read in Ezekiel: All the people of the land shall give this oblation for the prince in Israel.  And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings, and meat [meal] offerings, and   drink offerings, in the feasts, AND IN THE NEW MOONS,  and in the Sabbaths,  in all solemnities of the house of Israel . . ." (Ezek.45:16-17)."Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the   east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and   in the day of the NEW MOON it shall be opened.  And the prince shall enter by way of the porch of that gate without, and shall stand by the post of the gate, and  the priests shall prepare his burnt offering and his peace offerings., and he shall  worship at the threshold of the gate:  then he shall go forth; but the gate shall not be  shut until the evening. "Likewise the people of the land shall WORSHIP at the door of this gate before the LORD in the SABBATHS and IN THE NEW MOONS" (Ezekiel 46:1-3).

                 Notice!  During the  Reign of Jesus Christ, there will be WORSHIP SERVICES ordained for all the people -- and all Israel!  They will worship God ON THE NEW MOONS!

             In fact, a prophecy in the book of Isaiah makes the truth even plainer.  Not only al Israel, but ALL MANKIND will worship God during the  Reign of Christ,  "from New Moon to New Moon"!

             Isaiah declares:    "For as the new heavens and the new earth , which I will make, shall remain before  me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name remain.  "And it shall come to pass, that FROM ONE NEW MOON TO ANOTHER, and  from one Sabbath to another, SHALL ALL FLESH COME TO WORSHIP BEFORE  ME, SAITH THE LORD" (Isaiah 66:23-24).

             Clearly, the New Moon observances and celebrations are very important, in God's plan, and in His eyes.  But among the people of God the remembrance and observance of the New Moons of God has fallen into disuse, and disregard.  People at  large totally neglect and ignore  the New Moons!
             In Isaiah 1:14, God tells His people Israel, who have forsaken Him (Isaiah 1:4, 10), “When you come to appear before Me, who has required this from your hand, to trample My courts?  Bring no more futile sacrifices; incense is an abomination to Me.  The New Moons, the Sabbaths, and the calling of assemblies -- I cannot endure iniquity and the sacred meeting.  Your New Moons, and your appointed feasts My soul hates; they are a trouble to Me, I am weary of bearing them” (Isa.1:12-14). 

             Why was God so upset?  Because of their hypocrisy and iniquity!  They professed to worship Him, but they twisted and distorted and subverted His Holy Days, Sabbaths, and New Moons!  Some just pick and choose which ones to celebrate and which ones to ignore.

            Today, most people don't regard these days of God as of any importance whatsoever.  Instead, they celebrate the world's pagan holidays of "Christmas" (the ancient Roman Saturnalia, all dressed up as to appear "Christian"!), Easter (whose very name is that of a pagan sex goddess of spring and fertility), and "Halloween" (a day of demonic revelry and wickedness). 

         Christians  often  neglect and ignore His Holy Days, Sabbaths, and New Moons?

                                    The New Moons and Christian Observance                  

             New Moons, of course, are the first day of each month of God's sacred calendar.  This passage of Scripture in Colossians 2:16 definitely connects them with observance of the annual holy days, God's festivals, and the weekly Sabbath!  Although we are commanded not to allow any "MAN" to sit in judgment of us as to how we observe the New Moons  -- such as pastors, ministers, rabbis, or neighbors -- we are to remember that Almighty GOD is our Judge, and we are to seek to please HIM in everything we do!

             As Paul wrote, "Whether ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do ALL to the glory of God" (I Corinthians 10:31). 

             Paul also wrote, "For do I now persuade men, or God?  or do I seek to please men?  for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ" (Galatians 1:10).

                                                       Established FOREVER!

             What about New Moons?  Clearly, they are a BIBLICAL INSTITUTION!  They were ordained by God, and they will last FOREVER -- so long as the days, months, and years, last!  As God said of David's descendants, "My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that has gone out of my lips.  Once I have sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David.  His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.  It shall be established FOREVER AS THE MOON, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah" (Psalm 89:34-37).

             Since the MOON is established "forever," it follows logically that the NEW MOONS also are ordained and established forever!   

            As God's people, then, we ought to be celebrating them every month, on the New Moon, by holding something special where possible, and family festive banquets and feasts. 

                                What about the Example of Christ and the Apostles?

             What example did Jesus Christ and the apostles set for us, concerning the New Moons?

        Although there is no specific mention of New Moons in the Gospels, nevertheless, we can know that Christ both observed them and taught His followers to do so.  The New Moons were ordained by God as a statute forever, as part of His holy calendar.  And Christ Himself taught, "Think NOT that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy [or do away with, abolish, or abrogate or rescind!], but to fulfill [i.e., fill up to the brim!]:"  (Matt.5:17).

                                                                    Observing the NEW MOONS Today

             True Christians, then, should observe these days, and to keep them in remembrance, in a fashion that would be approved and pleasing in the sight of God.

             Therefore, we should be “observing” or “marking” the passage of each New Moon -- that is, we should be observing time in accordance with God's sacred calendar, and keep track of each New Moon (new month) as God counts time -- not as the Roman and Gentile world does.  And we should hold a memorial observance -- at the least a family dinner, with appropriate Bible readings and study, together with a sumptuous meal, whenever possible, on the New Moons, with singing of psalms and spiritual songs and songs of praise to the Lord.

            We are to allow NO MAN to judge us in respect to HOW we observe these things, including the New Moons.  That would mean, we should allow NO PAGAN to judge us or condemn us for observing them, and we should allow NO leader to sit in judgment of us, to condemn or judge us regarding these things, either! 

             Obviously, most  professing Christian/pagan Churches, masquerading as Churches of God, don't observe the New Moons at all, and would tend to condemn us for observing them, calling us “Jewish.".  Jews, on the other hand, might tend to judge us as to “how” we observe them --  Do we observe them at  home as a special “minor festival”? 

             Clearly we should observe them in a  fitting manner, in a way pleasing to God -- not man.     We don't need to adhere to various "traditions of men" which have accreted to the Jewish rabbinical observance of these days.  Christ clearly warned us to avoid the "traditions of men" which often in effect nullify God's Law by their deleterious and noxious effects (Matt.15; Mark 7). 

             It is clear from the Scriptures that the New Moons are NOT holy days of God, nor are they “commanded convocations.”  Therefore it is probably not necessary for us today to hold regular religious worship meetings on these days, as we do on Sabbath days.  Nor are we commanded to “rest” or “cease from all work” on them, either.  The New Moons are not Sabbath days.  However, they are days which should be given special attention, and celebrated, and normal routine work minimized when and where possible.

                                                     A Festive Family Meal

             One of the main things we can or could do to observe each New Moon, today, is to hold a family feast, or festive dinner; a family meal.  It would be good to have an introduction, and Bible readings for the occasion, and ask a special blessing on the evening and the day.

             At the special dinner prepared for the New Moon celebration, it possibly would be all right to eat  together with the meal, and then thank God for the blessing of the New Moon observance and laws He ordained.  We should also ask God's special blessing on our families, children, friends and relatives, and not forget to thank Him for all of our blessings, and to pray for the soon coming of  Jesus Christ and His Kingdom.

             At this New Moon celebration meal, also, it would be good for us to make a special point to regularly pray as Paul declared: “Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of THANKS be made for all men, for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence.  For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth” (I Tim.2:1-3).    

             God has given us the “New Moons” to help us mark the passage of time. r.  As David wrote, “My times are in Thy hands” (Psalm 31:15).  Also, God instructs us:  “For a thousand years in Your sight are like yesterday when it is past, and like a watch in the night” (Psalm 90:4).  The Psalmist goes on:  “So TEACH US to number our days, that we may gain a heart of wisdom” (verse 12). 

             Observing the New Moons helps us to “number our days” according to God's calendar and system of time-keeping, as opposed to the pagan Roman calendar!  It helps us to think in terms of God's calendar, and in relation to HIS  time-table for our lives!

                                      New Moons -- an Official Time to Worship

             God tells us through Isaiah the prophet that during the days of God's Kingdom on earth, when the Temple of God is restored, “And it shall come to pass that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, ALL FLESH shall come to worship before Me, says the LORD” (Isaiah 66:23). 

            Obviously, New Moons will be observed and celebrated during the Kingdom of God, with people coming up to Jerusalem, to the Temple, to worship before the LORD. 

                           The apostle Paul tells us, further, “What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision?  Much in every way!  Chiefly because TO THEM WERE COMMITTED THE ORACLES [WORDS, TEACHINGS] OF GOD.  For what if some did not believe?  Will their unbelief make the faithfulness of God without effect?  Certainly NOT!” (Romans 3:1-4).  God is able to preserve His truth, even using men who don't believe the gospel, the truth about the Messiah!  And He has done so, by using the Jewish authorities to preserve the sacred calendar all these centuries and millennia!

                                        Disunity Among Churches Deplorable

                     This is mass confusion.  Each is a “law unto himself.”  God nowhere sanctions such trivia and foolishness in His Word, but rather our “God is NOT the author of confusion but of peace, as in ALL the churches (plural) of the saints (plural)” (I Cor.14:32).  The word for “confusion” here is akatastasia and means “instability, disorder, commotion, confusion, tumult” (Strong's, #181).  Says Thayers Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, “instability, a state of disorder, disturbance, confusion,” and says the plural of the word is used “of dissentions, of sedition.”           

             It is also noteworthy that Paul tells us God who is not the author or source of all this confusion, is, on the other hand, the author or source of “PEACE, as in all the churches of the saints” (I Cor.14:32).  The early Church was united.  They all followed the officially established calendar.  Each local church did not do its own “sightings” and declare its own (different) “new moons,” and “holy days.” 

             The word for “peace” in this verse is eirene, from a primitive verb meaning “to join,”  This word means “peace, prosperity, one, quietness, rest, set at one again.”  Notice!  It connotes UNITY, rest from strife and confusion, and chaos, due to everyone doing “his own thing.”  It comes from a basic verb meaning to “JOIN” -- which implies UNITY.    In other words, we should all do the same thing, and not each one do his OWN thing!   

            Thayer’s Lexicon says of the word “peace,” in this verse,

“1) a state of national tranquility; exemption from the rage and havoc of war;”

“2) peace between individuals, i.e., harmony, concord;”

“3) security, safety, prosperity, felicity (because peace and harmony make and keep things safe and prosperous).”  This word is the Greek equivalent for the Hebrew word shalom, and has a full range of united and similar meanings.  Obviously, striving over the calendar, as these “calendar-conscious” groups all do, is NOT the way to peace, harmony, unity, tranquility, concord, safety, prosperity, or felicity! 

                                                 The New Moons - An Observance for Today!

            He also said, “Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called LEAST in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever DOES and TEACHES them, he shall be called GREAT in the kingdom of heaven” (Matt.5:19). 

             Most, if not all, of the End-time churches of God have seriously neglected and ignored the real meaning and celebration the New Moons which God ordained. As part of restoring the truth of God, and His laws and observances, we need to begin observing these days as God Himself commands. 

            The apostle Jude exhorts us, saying, "Beloved, when I gave diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should EARNESTLY CONTEND for the faith ONCE DELIVERED unto the saints.  For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ" (Jude 3-4).

            God's New Moons are important.  They are ordained of God.   If we observe them,  in a manner pleasing to God, He will surely bless us and inspire us, and shower His grace, and favor, upon us, and shelter us under the protective canopy of His Shekinah Presence.  If we observe them properly, the New Moons will add a special dimension of joy and peace, and spiritual POWER in our lives.  

             Are we ready for it?


I have been gathering again, and I hope it is helpful.  This is just a study (in due season) and is subject to change as you all give me quality input and scripture to add to it.    I cherish your positive input and I desire your criticism if you have more than "accepted practices."  This is meant to be a study.  I am getting help and feedback from all who wish to assist.

Paul & Jesus' Teachings on Law